INTEGRATION HEALTH PROMOTION INTO HOSPITAL CARE: DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH PROMOTING HOSPITAL (HPH) : THE BENEFITS, CHALLENGES AND THE IMPLEMENTATION FOR FUTURE HOSPITAL IN INDONESIA
Keywords:HPH, Promosi Kesehatan, Pelayanan RS
This paper aims to provide a useful introduction of development and implementation of health promoting hospital (HPH), highlight the benefits, activities, barriers, strategies for implementation. It also points out the important of implementation for future hospitals in Indonesia and offer recommendations. The research design used literature study. Source of Data of this research is collected through journal text, books and data statistic and then it is analyzed with content analysis techniques. Based on literature study shows that its needs to develop and implement Health Promoting Hospital (HPH) which yield many benefits for hospital organization, management, patients and relatives, and community. In particular, the findings should have important implication and large contribution for development and successful implementation Health Promoting Hospitals in Indonesia particularly to Hospital management and staffs to enhance their understanding and awareness of the importance of reorienting Hospital service to becoming more health promoting and its implication to hospital and community, and engage them to implement HPH in Hospital daily activities.
Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah mendeskripsikan tentang pengembangan Layanan Promosi Kesehatan kedalam layanan Rumah Sakit melalui pengembangan Promosi Kesehatan Rumah Sakit [HPH]. Data yang diperlukan dihimpun melalui kajian teks jurnal ,buku, dan data statistik, selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan teknik analisi isi. Berdasarkan studi literatur menunjukkan bahwa perlunya membangun dan mengembangkan layanan Promosi Kesehatan RS dimana sangat bermanfaat unutk organisasi, management, pasien dan keluarga dan masyarakat sekitar. Khususnya hasil dari studi ini mempunyai implikasi dan memiliki kontribusi yang besar untuk berkembangnya and suksesnya pengembangan RS yang lebih mempromosikan kesehatan di Indonesia khususnya para manager dan staf untuk meningkatkan pemahaman mereka tentang pentingnya mengubah pandangan tentang layanan RS untuk lebih mengutamakan promosi kesehatan selain pelayanan dan menerapkan promosi kesehatan dalam rutinitas kerja mereka.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2005,’ Use of hospital services for chronic diseases’ viewed by 4 May 2009, <http://aihw.gov.au/cdarf/data_pages/hospital/index.cfm.
Deccache, A & Ballekom, K 2001,’ Patient education in Belgium: evolution , policy and perspective, Patient education and counseling, vol. 44, pp 43-48.
Funnell, M & Anderson, R 2004,’ Empowerment and self management on diabetes, American Diabetes Association, vol.22, pp.123-127.
Gani, A 1996,’Imprving quality in public sector hospitals in Indonesia’, International Journal of Health Planning and Management, vol. 11, pp. 275-296.
Groene, O & Jorgenson, SJ 2005,’ Health promotion in hospitals- a strategy to improve quality in health care’, European Journal of Public Health, vol.15, no.1, pp. 6-8.
Groene, O 2005,’ Evaluating the progress of the health promoting hospitals initiative? A
Groene, O 2006 ,’Implementing health promotion in hospital: Manual and self assessment form’, WHO Europe, viewed 7 May 2008, <http://www.euro.who.int/document/e88584.pdf>
Groene, O, Jorgensen,SJ & Barbero, MG 2004,’ Standards for health promotion in hospital:Self assessment too for pilot implementation’, WHO Europe, viewed 8 May 2009, <http://www.euro.who.int/healthpromohosp>
Guo, XH, Tian, XY, Pan , YS, Hang, XH, Wu, SY, Wang ,W & Lin, V 2007,’ Managerial attitudes on the development of health promoting hospitals in Beijing’, Health Promotion International, vol.22, no.3, pp.182-190.
Hawe , P, Noort, M, King, L & Jordens, C 1997,’Multiplying health gain: the critical role of capacity building within health promotion programs’ Health Policy, Medline, vol.39, no.1, pp. 29- 42.
Himel, S 2008, ‘ Evidence-based health promotion in clinical settings’, Ontario Health Promotion Bulletin, viewed 30 April 2009, <http://ohpe.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9975&Itemid=78>
Indonesia Central Statistic Bureau 2003 ,’Brief information about BPS and statistic highlights’, viewed 7 May 2009, <http://www.bps.go.id>
Johnson, A & Baum, F 2001,’ Health promoting hospitals: a typology of different organizational approach to health promotion, Health Promotion International, Oxford University Press, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 281- 287.
Johnson, A & Paton, K 2007, Health Promotion and Health Services, Oxford University Press, Australia.
Keleher, H & Murphy, B 2004, Understanding Health: A determinants approach, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Australia
Keleher,H , Macdougall,C & Murphy,B 2007, Understanding health promotion, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Australia.
Mayor, S , Watkins, J & Matthews, I,P 2004,’ Burden and Impact of a Millenium Outbreak of Influenza in The United Kingdom on Individuals and Society’, Department of Epidemiology, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK, vol 1263, pp. 267-270.
Nawi , Ng 2006,’ Chronic disease risk factors in a transition country’, Departement of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Gajahmada University, Yogyakarta- Indonesia.
Olden, PC & Clement, DG 2000,’ The prevalence of hospital health promotion and disease prevention services: good news , bad news, and policy implications’, The Milbank Quarterly, Blackwell Publisher, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 115- 146.
Olden, PC 2003,’Why hospitals offer health promotion: perspective for collaborating with health promotion practitioners’, Health Promotion Practice, Sage Publications, vol.4, no.1, pp. 51-55.
Pelikan , JM, Barbero,MG, Lonig, H, Krajic, K & Paul, R 1998 ’ Pathways to a health promoting hospital: experience of ’, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe , vol 2,pp. 1-460.
Pelikan, JM & Barbero , MG 1998,’ Health Promoting Hospitals in Practice: developing projects and networks’, WHO Europ,
Pelikan, JM, Krajic, K & Dietscher 2001, ‘The health promoting hospital (HPH) : concept and development’, Patient Education and Counseling Journal , vol.45, pp. 239-243.
Polluste , K, Alop, J, Groene, O, Harm, T, Merisalu, E & Suurorg, L 2007, ‘ Health Promoting Hospital in Estonia: what are they doing differently?’ Health Promotion International, Oxford University Press, vol. 22, no.4, pp. 327- 336
Promoting Hospitals, Health Promotion International, Oxford Unversity Press, vol. 19, no.4, pp. 453-462.
Rowitz, L 2001, Public Health Leadership: Putting principles into practice, Gaithersburg, Marland, Aspen Publisher Inc
Stanton et al., 1996,’ Barriers to health promotion activities in public hospital’, Journal of Public Health, vol.20, no.9, pp. 500-504.
Stone et al., 2005’ Empowering patient with diabetes: a qualitative primary care study focusing on South Asians in Leicester ,UK’, Family Practice, no.22, pp. 647- 652.
Swerissen, H 2006,’ Funding Program for Chronic Diseases Prevention and Management, Faculty of Health Science, La Trobe University
Tountas , Y, Pavi, E, Tsamandouraki, K, Arkadopoulus, N & Triantafyllou 2004,’ Evaluation of the participation of Aretaieion Hospital, Greece in the WHO Pilot Project of Health
Whitehead, D 2004,’ The European Health Promoting Hospital (HPH) project: how far on?’, Health Promotion International, Oxford University Press, vol. 19, no.2, pp. 259- 267.
WHO 2003 , ‘Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases’, viewed 7 May 2009,
WHO 2007,’ The international network of health promoting hospitals and health services: integrating health promotion into hospitals and health services, concept, framework and organization’, viewed 5 May 2009, http://www.euro.who.int/healthpromohosp/Publications/20041202_1
WHO 2009, ‘The History of the Healthy Settings Movement’ viewed 5 May 2009, http://www.who.int/entity.
WHO Europe 2004, Standard for health promotion in hospital, viewed 9 May 2009, <http://www.euro.who.int/healthpromohosp>
WHO persepective, Health Promotion International, vol.20, no.2, pp.205-207.
Yeatman, HR & Nove, T 2002,’Reorienting health services with capacity building: a case study of the core skills in health promotion project’, Health Promotion International, Oxford University Press, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 341-350.